Cannabidiol (CBD) is a type of oil produced from the cannabis plant. It has been shown to reduce inflammation and discomfort. It isn’t, however, legal in all states, and there are several potential side effects.
Epidiolex, a purified version of CBD oil, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2018 to treat two types of epilepsy. In other states, various forms of cannabis are lawful.
Cannabis consists of a variety of chemicals with various effects. Some — but not all — are beneficial as a therapy. In some states, certain forms – but not all – are lawful.
This article will examine what CBD is, how it may help a person’s health, how to take it, any potential hazards, and the lawfulness of CBD in the United States.
What is CBD oil?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is one of the many cannabinoids (compounds) found in the cannabis plant. Researchers have been studying the ability of CBD to treat disease.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol are two of the cannabinoids present in cannabis. These chemicals have varied effects.
THC was formerly the most well-known chemical in cannabis. It is the most active component, and it has a mental impact. When a person smokes THC or uses it to prepare food, it causes a mind-altering “high.” This is because as THC warms up when put into the body, it breaks down into psychoactive compounds (THC).
Hemp oil, on the other hand, is a cannabinoid that has been found to have anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties. Unlike THC, cannabidiol (CBD) does not induce euphoria or alter a person’s state of mind when consumed. However, it may cause significant physiological changes and appears to offer significant medical advantages.
Where does CBD come from?
The term “cbd” refers to a chemical found in the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants are categorized as either hemp or marijuana depending on their amount of THC.
Hemp plants are legal under the Farm Bill as long as they contain less than 0.3 percent THC, according to the FDA.
Over time, marijuana growers have bred their plants to exhibit high amounts of THC and other compounds that aligned with their goals.
Hemp growers, on the other hand, don’t usually alter the plant. CBD oil is manufactured from legal hemp plants.
How CBD works
Cannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors in the body, which are components of the endocannabinoid system.
The body produces two receptors:
- Cannabinoids act on the CB1 receptors, which are present in virtually every tissue of the body. They manage movement, pain, emotion, mood, thinking, hunger, memories, and other processes as a team.
- CB2 receptors are more prevalent in the immune system. Inflammation and pain are affected by them.
- THC binds to CB1 receptors, whereas CBD activates them, causing the body to generate its own cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), which are known as THCV.
6 Benefits of CBD Oil
Cannabis-derived cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a cannabis derivative. Cannabinoids are chemicals present in marijuana plants naturally. CBD, despite being derived from marijuana plants, does not cause a “high” or any type of intoxication – this is because to another cannabinoid known as THC.
Because of the growing popularity of marijuana for recreational purposes, there is some debate around cannabis products like CBD oil. However, people are becoming more educated about the possible health advantages of CBD oil. Here’s what you need to know about six proposed medical applications of CBD and where the research stands:
1. Anxiety relief
CBD may be able to assist you in managing anxiety. It’s possible that it will alter how your brain’s receptors react to serotonin, a chemical linked to mental health. Receptors are tiny proteins attached to cells that receive chemical signals and help cells respond to various stimuli.
CBD has been shown to help people with social anxiety deliver presentations in one study. CBD was also shown to have an anti-anxiety effect in animal studies, according on another:
- reducing stress
- decreasing physiological effects of anxiety, such as an increased heart rate
- improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- inducing sleep in cases of insomnia
CBD has previously made headlines as a potential treatment for epilepsy. There is still much to learn. Researchers are examining how much CBD can reduce the number of epileptic seizures and how safe it is. The American Epilepsy Society notes that cannabidiol research holds promise for seizure disorders, with studies currently underway to understand safe usage.
A research published in 2016 involved 214 people with epilepsy. Participants took oral doses of 2 to 5 milligrams of CBD per day, in addition to their existing anti-epilepsy medications, for 12 weeks. The researchers followed the participants for 12 weeks and recorded any negative effects as well as the frequency of their seizures. Overall, participants had 36.5 percent fewer epileptic incidents each month. However, 12% of the individuals experienced severe adverse effects.
Researchers are studying a protein in the brain to learn more about how CBD might help people with neurodegenerative diseases, which are disorders that result in the brain and nerves deteriorating over time. CB1 is the name of this receptor.
Researchers are studying the use of CBD oil for treating:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Parkinson’s disease
CBD oil may also help to reduce inflammation, which can aggravate neurodegenerative symptoms. There is still a lot to learn about CBD oil and its effects on neurodegenerative illnesses.
4. Pain relief
CBD oil’s actions on brain receptors might also aid in the management of pain, according to studies. Cannabis has been proved to have certain advantages when used following chemotherapy treatments in research. Researchers at the National Institutes of Health are conducting additional pre-clinical investigations into the use of cannabis to treat symptoms caused by:
- chronic pain
- MS pain
- muscle pain
- spinal cord injuries
In the United Kingdom and Canada, nabiximols (Sativex), a combination of THC and CBD that’s used to treat MS pain, is authorized. According to researchers, the CBD in the drug does more than just combat discomfort: it acts anti-inflammatory. Clinical trials of CBD are necessary to see if it should be utilized for pain management.
CBD’s ability to impact receptors in the immune system may aid in the reduction of overall inflammation. CBD oil, as a result, might help with acne management. The study revealed that CBD oil inhibits sebaceous gland activity. Sebaceous glands are responsible for sebum production, which is a natural oily substance that moisturizes the skin. Excess sebum can cause acne.
Before you try CBD oil for acne treatment, speak to your doctor. More clinical research is required to assess the potential advantages of CBD in treating acne.
6. Cancer treatment
CBD has been studied in relation to cancer cell growth, but the research is still in its early stages. According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), CBD may aid in the treatment of cancer symptoms and side effects. Although the NCI does not fully endorse any form of cannabis as a cancer therapy, it does acknowledge that CBD has anti-inflammatory properties and can affect how cells grow. CBD’s potential for oncology therapy comes from its ability to lower inflammation and alter cell reproduction. Some types of tumor cells are unable to replicate when subjected to CBD.
How to use CBD oil
Cannabidiol (CBD) is isolated from marijuana plants as an oil or powder. These may be added to creams and gels. They can be consumed in the form of tablets or applied to your skin. Nabiximols, a medication for multiple sclerosis, is sprayed into your mouth as a liquid. The way CBD should be used depends on what it’s being utilized for. Before using CBD oil, talk to your doctor. It hasn’t been authorized by the FDA for any medical uses and has side effects that must be considered.
CBD oil side effects
CBD oil is typically quite safe for consumers. However, adverse effects are possible. These include:
- low blood pressure
- withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability and insomnia
To date, no long-term research has been conducted on CBD oil. Human studies are needed to fully comprehend the variety of risks and negative effects that CBD oil might create. There aren’t many CBD oil research efforts because Schedule 1 drugs, such as cannabis, are tightly controlled. More study is now feasible due to the legalization of marijuana goods, which will lead to more answers.
Is CBD oil legal?
CBD oil isn’t legal in all countries. CBD oil is legal in some parts of the United States, but not all. Some states that have legalized CBD for medical use may need special accreditation from the FDA. It’s also worth noting that the FDA hasn’t approved CBD for any disease indications.